"Khudai Khidmatgar"- (Servants of God), was formed in November 1929. It was a socio-reformist movement, struggling for peace and harmony by eliminating all the mess prevailing in the society. The movement led by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan nonviolently mobilized to oppose the British in India's Northwest Frontier Province NWFP. Ghaffar Khan and the Khudai Khidmatgar movement inspired thousands of Pashtuns (also called Pathans), who were known as fierce warriors, and others to lay down their arms and use civil resistance to challenge British rule. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan is popularly known as Bacha Khan. He is one of the most inspiring figures in the history of India's struggle for independence, designed a non-violence approach to handle the socio-political problems of the people of NWFP. The province due to its unique geographical location was treated by the British administration different from the rest of India. This brought social, political and economic backwardness in the Pushtoon society. Participation in the Khilafat Movement by Indian Muslims and their migration (Hijrat) towards Afghanistan brought NWFP and its people in close collaboration with their brethren from rest of India. Ghaffar Khan had realized that migration is not the solution of the multifarious problems they faced. To eradicate social evils like illiteracy, blood feud, crimes, the use of intoxicants and factionalism from the Pushtoon society, he decided to launch an Educational Program and achieve the goal purely on non-violence and constructive methods. He wanted to teach unity in the community, eradicate the social evils, prevent lavish spending on the social events, promote the literature and real love for the fellow human being. Mahatma Gandhi greatly influenced bacha Khan. He was such a staunch follower of Gandhi that people started calling him "Frontier Gandhi." This movement attracted the people from all the walks of life as every section of the society interpreted their program in their own way. All the Cadres of KhudaiKhidmatgars are supposed to wear the Uniform, to feel that all are equal. This particular dress gave them distinction. KhudaiKhidmatgars were, later on, were called "Red Shirts" and their movement as the "Red Shirts Movement." Two years after its creation, the membership rose to the 200,000, which shows its fame and popularity. Since Ghaffar Khan and Khudai Khidmatgars conscientiously objected to the partition and the policies, they were highly attacked and tortured. Frontier Gandhi spent 15 years in jail before independence, and after independence the suffered 16 years imprisonment in Pakistani jails.
Khudai Khidmatgar revived in India on 20th January 2011 at Birla Bhawan- New Delhi. A place where Father of our nation Mahatma Gandhi spent his last days and was shot dead. The initiative for its revival taken out by Faisal Khan and group of socially committed youths from different beliefs. Before formal revival, Faisal Khan with these group of youths organized series of consultation with various Activists, Reformists, and Ideologists. On the day of its revival, 50 people from different walks of life took the membership by reciting the Oath. The revival and Oath taking ceremony, officially announced by Smt. Tara Gandhi Bhattacharya, Grand Daughter of Mahatma Gandhi, the then Vice-Chairman of Gandhi Smriti and Darshan Samiti, New Delhi. In its Journey, it is working with the same spirit and the direction designed by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan. The organization has reached in every state in India and in abroad, with the individual participation of labors, women, marginalized section, minorities, youths, students and professionals.